According to the Mayo Clinic, dyslexia remains the most common learning disability in children. Affected children often have average intelligence, with normal vision and speech patterns, but experience difficulty deciphering reading and writing.Student’s Reading AgeMost dyslexic students are intelligent and exhibit talent in forms of creativity such as play-acting, art class, or music. But because of differences in the brain, these children do not process text and numbers well without help, making it difficult for them to spell, read, and figure out basic facts, often putting them a grade or two below their peers.Spelling DifficultiesAccording to the website dyslexia-teacher.com, children struggling with dyslexia often have a difficult time spelling words correctly. They often attempt to spell the word phonetically, or the way it sounds, such as pleez for please or dus for does. Some children also have problems with “jumbled spellings,” when they spell the word with all the right letters, but not in the proper order. Children may spell freind for friend, exhibiting they have issues with visual memory, as adults and non-dyslexic children rely on their visual memory when deciphering a difficult word. They may write down several spellings of the word until they decide which one is correct, but a dyslexic child does not have the visual memory skills for that task.Reading and Writing Difficulties
According to dyslexia.com, dyslexic children struggle with seeing the letters upside down or backwards, such as instead of seeing the word dog, they read god. Dyslexic children often have the tendency to confuse letters that look similar like e and c, or letters that appear similar but are opposites like b and d and q and p. Some children say that the words jump around on the page or that they appear to closely bunched together, both of which makes it difficult for them to read the words. When dyslexic children read a story, they remember very little about what they just read, and these children often complain that reading makes them feel physically ill with headaches, stomach aches, and dizziness.
When dyslexic children try to write their letters or numbers, they often struggle with what dyslexia-teacher.com calls “mirror image.” This concept refers to writing letters and numbers and that mirror each other like q and the number 9. Some students find it beneficial to write their letters in all capitals to they remember the proper direction.
Dyslexic children experience difficulty doing tasks in order, be it an actual mathematics problem to following spoken directions. For example, any task needs to be simplified into steps that the child can understand, usually only one step, because two or three tasks at a time confuse a dyslexic child. If you were to say,” Take the lunch orders to Mrs. Smith and bring back a new roll of tape,” chances are the child would forget the tape. Since dyslexic children like to help in the classroom just like their peers, keep your requests simple like,” Please give Mrs. Smith today’s lunch orders.”
In addition to struggling with schoolwork and concentration, dyslexic children may also experience problems with their motor skills. They may appear uncoordinated or clumsy and have difficulty participating in school sports. Dyslexic children also struggle with fine motor skills, and for some of them, it is hard to grip a pencil properly, making writing hard for those children.
Dyslexic children often right and left sides, as well as over and under. You can test this easily by asking the child to touch your right leg with his left arm to see if there are any difficulties. As they grow older, dyslexic children show these discrepancies as they give driving directions and they can not differentiate between east and west, south and north, or turning right or left.